India is actively engaged in the development of advanced next-generation weapons systems to bolster its strategic defense capabilities. One area of focus is directed energy weapons, including lasers and particle beams. Projects like DURGA and KALI are being pursued covertly, with the aim of creating space-based laser weapons and linear electron initiators capable of emitting powerful pulses to neutralize aerial targets and space-based threats.
The Defense Research Development Organisation (DRDO) and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) are jointly working on these initiatives.
Furthermore, India is exploring the potential of a Fractional Orbital Bombardment System (FOBS), which involves launching nuclear warheads into low Earth orbit and bringing them down near target cities.
FOBS offers advantages such as extended range, evasion of early-warning radars, and a pre-emptive strike capability.In the realm of conventional weaponry, India is investing in electromagnetic railguns, utilizing electromagnetic force to launch high-velocity projectiles.
These railguns offer increased muzzle velocities, extended firing ranges, and the potential for kinetic energy rounds, replacing explosive shells.
Another development is the Laser Ordnance Disposal System (LORDS), a vehicle-mounted laser system designed for standoff neutralization of explosive hazards.
LORDS employs high-power lasers, precise pointing and directing mechanisms, and thermal management systems for safe and effective disposal of munitions.
Lastly, India is actively working on hypersonic cruise missiles like HSTDV and BrahMos-2. These missiles, propelled by scramjet engines, offer high-hypersonic velocities, making them difficult to intercept and capable of penetrating anti-missile defenses.
India's pursuit of these advanced weapons systems reflects its commitment to enhancing national security and staying at the forefront of technological advancements in the defense sector.