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  • Writer's pictureNikhil Gangamkote


The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) report highlights that India is intensifying its efforts to strengthen its nuclear capabilities in response to perceived threats from China and Pakistan.

The report suggests that India is expanding its nuclear arsenal and developing new types of nuclear delivery systems, with a particular focus on longer-range weapons capable of reaching targets across China.

The increasing geopolitical tensions in the Indo-Pacific region, driven by China's assertive behavior and rapid military modernization, have prompted India to reassess its strategic priorities.

By emphasizing longer-range nuclear weapons, India aims to enhance its deterrence capabilities against China.

To achieve this, India has been making advancements in missile technology and infrastructure. The ongoing enhancement of the Agni series ballistic missiles, such as the Agni-V with a range of over 5,000 kilometers, indicates India's commitment to extending its strike capabilities.

Furthermore, India has been investing in advanced missile defense systems to protect its assets and counter potential threats, thereby strengthening its overall nuclear deterrent.

The SIPRI report also estimates that China's nuclear arsenal increased from 350 warheads in January 2022 to 410 in January 2023, and it suggests that China's nuclear arsenal is expected to continue growing.

The report speculates that India currently possesses 164 nuclear warheads..!

It's important to note that nuclear proliferation and the development of nuclear weapons are complex and sensitive topics.

National security strategies and decisions related to nuclear capabilities are influenced by various factors, including regional security dynamics, deterrence policies, and international agreements.

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